Aerial photo of Giza Plateau. The dark blue represents the Nile. The red circles show a system of holes, shafts, and deep wells. The yellow spots show large holes large enough to drop houses into. The wells and shafts that permeate all around the pyramids have always been a great curiosity to me. In all my research they are rarely mentioned. Someone went to a lot of trouble to create them. They appear to me as part of a system to move water around and into the pyramids. I know that if those huge holes were filled with water, they could force water to flow through the small narrow horizontal passageways to the pyramids using simple water hydraulics and Bernoulli's principle of moving fluids.
Photo from the top of the Cheops pyramid. Red oval shows systems of elevated mounds with rectangular holes open to the sky.
Photo from top of Cheops looking south. Red oval shows more mounds.
Photo from inside a raised mound as seen in #70. The 4-foot rectangular hole opens up to a chamber approximately 16-feet square. You are looking up to the sky through the small rectangular hole you saw in #70 from the top of Cheops.
Inside the chamber is another shaft that goes down to another chamber.
Photo showing 3-foot-square shafts with horizontal passages down about 20 feet. Red arrow is pointing to a horizontal passage.
Photo from top of Cheops looking at Chepern, the second pyramid. Red circle shows more mounds around the pyramid complex.
Photo showing a system of shafts and wells around the base of the Cheops pyramid. They are connected to underground channels and shafts.
More shafts and wells around the pyramids.
Photo of a precisely cut, 3-foot rectangular hole in solid bedrock.
Photo of me dropping a stone into a fenced-off well shaft next to the Cheops pyramid. I never heard the stone hit the bottom of the shaft. I believe that it is an access to a giant underground chamber.
Photo of deep well shafts with steel grates over them.
Photo of an underground shaft connecting to underground horizontal passages.
Photo of a huge hole; a red circle shows a man standing next to the hole.
Inside the chamber is another shaft about the same size as the one that looks up to the sky, as seen in photo #72.
Photo of huge hole that has been added onto sometime in the past. I think it had to do with the fluctuating levels of the Nile River. (See red arrow.)
Photo of more examples of interconnecting passages looking down into the shafts. Passageways are not large enough for humans to use. Red arrows point to horizontal passages.
Photo of large holes looking down to the Nile River. You can see the back of the head of the Sphinx in the background.
Photo of an intersecting passage; the red arrow is pointing to it.
Photo of precisely cut, 4-foot rectangular hole in the bedrock. The existing buildings in the background is where the Nile once flowed.
Photo of well-shafts looking towards the Cheops pyramid.
Photo of channels connecting to underground shafts.
Photo of current archaeological dig site at the Giza plateau. They are currently removing sand to expose deep well shafts.
Photo of deep well shaft under excavation.
Photo of another well shaft that has been excavated. I believe that it connects to the underground chamber at the Giza Plateau.
In recent years a major discovery was made at the Giza Plateau. The ground water was so low that it exposed a rectangular corridor that had been cut in the solid limestone of the Giza Plateau where the great pyramids sit. It was the opening and passageway to an enormous underground cavern the size of a football field under the pyramids.
There are also shafts in the bottom of the water yet to be explored. At one time in history, when the Nile flowed beside the pyramids, the opening here was deep under the surface of the river, and the enormous chamber would fill up with water, directly underneath the pyramids.
Photo showing approximately 7-foot square, man-made channel hundreds of feet long connecting the Nile River to the huge chamber under the pyramid.
Photo showing large channel with rectangular opening which connects to where the Nile River once was.
Drawing of the approximate location of the underground chamber that connects to the Nile River.
Photo of similar underground chamber under Sekhmekhet's pyramid.
Causeways are common to all pyramids that were built along the banks of the Nile. They stretch from the base of the pyramid to the Nile River. They are connected at the base of the pyramid and at the Nile with a large opening to the sky structure and huge stone doors that open and close inside the Nile River.
Aerial photo of Giza Plateau showing the causeways common to all pyramids near the Nile. Some causeways are covered and some are open. Note red oblong circles; see the long shape of the channel.
Drawing of reconstructed pyramid complex. Note that all pyramids set above the Nile have connections downstream to lower structures.
Photo of causeway looking up to pyramid. Note the solid black granite lining the causeway.
Photo of a typical causeway at nearby pyramids at Abousir, approximately 15 miles from the Cheops pyramid. (See red oval.) Blue color represents the old location of the Nile.
Photo of causeway at Saqarra, approximately 30 miles from Cheops, looking up to pyramid.
Photo of the same causeway looking down towards where the Nile once was.
Photo of causeway looking at the back of the head of the Sphinx (in red circle) looking down toward the Nile River.
Photo of causeway partially covered in sand attached to the Menkaure Pyramid. (See red arrow.)
We are in the lower structure of the causeway, below the former level of the Nile. Note the arrows pointing to the dark stains etched into the granite columns that support no ceilings.
Photo of the outside of the lower chamber that connects to the causeway in the red circle.
Photo of the interior of the Sphinx Temple. There is physical evidence that thick granite slab doors once opened and closed underwater.
Photo of locked passageway below water level.
Photo of shafts that have been filled in with dirt. (See red arrows.) We are below the former water level of the Nile.
Photo of large well holes with protective rails around them. More deep holes with interconnecting passages. Again we are below the surface of the Nile River.
Aerial view of the step pyramid at Saqarra. It is located about 30 miles from the Cheops pyramid. The blue-filled area shows the former banks of the Nile.
Photo of the Step pyramid thought to be the most ancient of all the pyramids.
Photo of an enormous well. (See the man in the red circle for a perspective on how large it is.) Step pyramid in the background.
Note the stone extension that was added onto this hole (in red oval).
Photo of some typical well holes that are all around the pyramids at Saqarra. This hole is approximately 30-feet square. Typical of all the well holes and shafts on the Giza Plateau.
Photo of typical intersecting passages. (See red arrow.)
Photo of some deep intersecting passages. (See red arrows.)
Aerial view of pyramids at Abousir, about 15 miles from the Cheops pyramid.
Photo of some typical Pyramids.
Drawing of typical pyramids. Interiors vary slightly. All have descending passages below ground level, small underground chambers and connections to underground water.
Drawing of a 17th-century water pressure system. Note how similar it is to huge holes with small intersecting passages near bottom of holes. It is similar in design to the underground chamber with small channels connecting them.
Photo of a large hole with small intersecting passages near the bottom.
Drawing of how far and high water can be made to flow without the application of energy.
Photo of a huge hole with small intersecting passages near the bottom.
A 17th-century drawing of a water system for elevating water.
Drawing of a cross-section of a hole system after the sand was removed. It looks to me in this cross-section of drawing #127 that there would be many opportunities to create pressure or a vacuum.
Bernoulli's principle states that in an ideal fluid, with no work being performed on the fluid, an increase in velocity occurs simultaneously with the decrease in pressure or gravitational energy. I believe the ancient Egyptians knew how to move water through all the various channels and chambers of the pyramids using this principle.
Drawing shows how the shape and size of the passageway can vary the flow of liquid.
Drawing shows a reservoir filled with liquid can create pressure to move the liquid through small passages.
Drawing of simple pumping system. Flowing water can push a smaller amount of water uphill to a higher level with a simple lever device.