Most people in the world have not seen the interior of a pyramid. This is a picture journey through the Cheops pyramid and several other pyramids in Egypt to show the many things that they have in common.
This photo is the Cheops pyramid as you would see it today. When it was built, approximately 5,000 to10,000 years ago (no one knows for sure), the original exterior was covered with 100-inch-thick limestone and a smooth finish. That exterior was removed about 1,000 years ago to rebuild important buildings in Cairo after a devastating earthquake.
If you cut the Cheops pyramid in half east to west, this is what it would look like. It is built of over 2,500,000 stones weighing from 2.5 tons to 70 tons each. Most of the pyramid is made of cut limestone quarried about 14 miles away. The so-called ""King's Chamber" and "Queen's Chamber" and most passages are lined with red granite which came from Aswan, Egypt, over 500 miles away.
If you cut Cheops in half north to south, this is what it would look like. The Great Pyramid covers 14 acres at the base and is 455-feet tall. Inside, there are unusual small passages at 26-degree angles and measuring under 4-feet square.
Cross-Section North-South to show entrance details.
This is a photo of the entrance without the original 100-inch thick limestone exterior. The pipe handrails were added in more recent years so you could move up and down the passageways without slipping. This opening is less than 4-feet square and the passageway descends at a 26-degree angle. Were people intended to enter or depart through these small, slippery passageways? If so, where are the footholds or stairs? And, if they weren't created for access, then why were they needed?
Photograph of the entrance to Cheops looking head-on.
Drawing of a reconstructed cross-section of a door for the pyramids. A similar door was found in a nearby pyramid. Note the blue line showing the door opening from the inside. If pressure was applied from the inside the door would swing out. When the pressure stopped the door would automatically close up tight.
Cross-section of Cheops showing the location of the descending passage from the front entrance to the bottom of the pyramid, running deep through solid limestone. It is over 300-feet long, less than 4-feet square, and is constructed at a 26-degree angle (shown in purple).
Photo inside Descending Passage near front entrance looking up. Area in red circle shows corners that are straight and clean with smooth walls and ceilings, some dark stains.
Photo looking at the Descending Passage. Note corners in red circle: straight, clean and smooth with some dark stains.
Photo near bottom of Descending Passage. Please note the same corners that you saw in photos #12 and #13 verifying that this is the same descending passage. Please note how encrusted the walls and ceilings are, with large deposits of minerals as in photo #14. The purple line on cross-section #15 that the blue arrow is pointing to shows the encrusted portion of the passageway, the encrustation stopping abruptly at the granite plugs shown in photo #16.
Cross section showing three solid granite plugs, back to back, plugging off the Ascending Passage, which intersects with the descending passage and is approximately 75-feet long as shown in yellow.
Photo shows flat surface of granite plug intersecting Descending Passage.
Photo of side view of plugs embedded in Ascending Passage. Early intruders opened the side of the plugs to gain access to the Ascending Passage shown in yellow. It was originally thought that these plugs were intended to slide into place to plug the Ascending Passage. As you can see in the photo, however, the plugs are lodged into place and were never intended to be moved. Being made of solid granite, the primary mineral components of the plugs are quartz and feldspar. Quartz crystals, when subjected to applied mechanical stress like compression, can produce voltage or piezoelectricity, and when exposed to heat will form pyroelectricity. Could "fire in the middle" have anything to do with creating pyroelectricity? Maybe so.
Cross section showing the well or grotto, the lowest part of the pyramid. The Grotto area is cut into the solid limestone of the Giza Plateau.
Entering the grotto area, not very large, walls and ceilings heavily encrusted with mineral deposits. Photos like these are not available today because visitors are no longer be allowed to go into any of these areas of the Cheops pyramid.
Photo of grotto area, irregular shaped room with rounded shapes and many mineral deposits.
Photo of well in grotto has only been excavated to 35-feet deep. I believe that this was a major source of water to the pyramids. It was heavily encrusted with mineral deposits. I believe that it connects to another chamber underneath Cheops.
Cross-section showing the rectangular passage approximately 20-feet long, and 2-feet square. I believe this connects to the underground wells, shafts and water passageways that led to the Nile River.
Photo shows heavily encrusted mineral deposits on ceilings and walls. The encrustation was up to three-quarters of an inch thick on the ceilings.
Photo of narrow passage with heavy mineral deposits; passage comes to a dead-end.
Photo of entrance to the dead-end passage.
Cross-section showing the so-called "Queen's Chamber."
Measuring for accuracy in the "Queen's Chamber." (One of the main reasons for going to Egypt in 1978 was to get accurate information and exact measurements first-hand. Many of the diagrams in books that have been written about them contain contradictory or incorrect information.)
Photo showing opening in the back of the recessed area called "The Niche" inside the so-called "Queen's Chamber." There is a passageway here that could have given access to an outside source of water or other fluid. (See opening inside of the red circle.) The passage is rectangular cut and goes deep into the superstructure of the pyramid. (It has been plugged since this photo was taken.) Also, archeologists believe that there was a granite vessel inside of this chamber that is not there anymore.
Photo of gated opening to look down rectangular passage into the so called "Queen's Chamber." This passage is long, smooth and narrow. Unfortunately, you can no longer see it today as it is now closed to the public.
Cross-section showing location of two vents. They do not penetrate the exterior of the pyramid. The one on the north side is over 200 feet long. These vents had an approximately 2-inch thick layer of stone over them. Someone in the 1800s broke open this vent and carved the date nearby.
There is evidence that hydrogen was present inside the "Queen's Chamber." We confirmed it through mineral analysis. Other researchers have also indicated some kind of chemical reactions took place in the so-called Queen's Chamber, including evidence of hydrogen.
Photo of vent on north side of chamber.
Photo of a vent on the south side of the chamber.
Cross-section showing the Grand Gallery. The approximate measurements of the Grand Gallery are as follows: approximately 153-foot long, 26 feet tall, 6-foot wide at the bottom, and 3-foot wide at the top.
Photo of spot where something was attached to the granite wall. The granite was broken and shattered, parts of the granite were removed with the object, which indicates that the attached object was pried away from the wall (inside red circle).
Photo of entrance to Grand Gallery. Without the handrails and walking planks that were added for tourists, you could not walk up or down because of the steep angle. Underneath the walking planks there's a trough that runs from the top to the bottom of the Grand Gallery.
Photo of the entire Grand Gallery. There are 28 removed objects on one side and 27 on the opposite side. (See red oval.) They had to be valuable because someone went to a lot of trouble to break them away from the solid granite. They could have been metallic in nature, maybe copper, bronze, silver or gold-note the dark stains on the walls and ceilings.
Cross section showing the entrance to the Antechamber, a small opening before entering the so-called "King's Chamber."
Photo of the Antechamber entrance showing its rectangular shape and how it is open to the Grand Gallery at the top. Note the dark stains etched into the granite.
Photo looking up inside the Antechamber where it opens onto the Grand Gallery. Notice dark stains.
Photo looking at the opposite side of the Antechamber has four half-round grooves cut into the stone. Notice the dark stains.
Cross-section showing the location of one of two air vents. Partially accessible only through the small opening off the Antechamber.
Photo of the door concealing access to a cut in solid limestone air vent channel that penetrates the exterior of the pyramid. (See red circle.) This area is sealed off to the public now.
Open access to air vent inside the King's Chamber.
Photo of interior of the so-called "King's Chamber" with granite vessel. The interior of the "King's Chamber" is made of large, solid, granite blocks weighing up to 70 tons each. Granite had to be imported from Aswan, Egypt, which was over 500 miles away.
A sketch of a cross-section of the "King's Chamber" showing the five levels of granite slabs with air-space in between. Some stones weighed in excess of 70 tons. I believe the tremendous size and shape of the pyramid's structure would allow the pyramid to take a lightning strike, storing an electrical charge inside the so-called "King's Chamber." The physical shape of the "King's Chamber" fits the description of a hollow-core transformer. The excavation holes in the drawing are the remnants of an access channel that I believe connected the "King's Chamber" to a source of water or other fluids.
Photo of the interior of the vessel. Note the dark stain level inside. The origin of this red granite box is still a mystery. It is also physically larger than the opening that leads into the "King's Chamber," which makes one wonder how they got it in there. Granite is resistant to the effects of acid and other caustic chemicals. It appears that there was tremendous heat generated inside the so-called "King's Chamber" due to the very dark stains everywhere.
This is a photo measuring a solid granite plug that fit exactly into an opening in the floor of the "King's Chamber." This granite plug has been placed into its original opening, closing the passageway.
Photo of the hole in the floor of the "King's Chamber" before the granite plug was re-inserted. It could allow water or some other fluids to enter the chamber from an outside source.
Photo of our Head Mineralogist and Sound Expert Gus Patzner conducting sound tests on the granite vessel in the King's Chamber.
Cross-section showing the location of two air-vents that penetrate the exterior of the pyramid. (Air vents inside of red ovals.)
Photo of air-vent 8-inches wide, 6-inches tall. Note the very dark burn stains etched into the top of the opening. (See red arrow.). Remember the translation of the word pyramid is "Fire in the Middle?" This channel that penetrates the exterior of the pyramid could be an exhaust port to relieve pressure from the heat inside.
Photo of air-vent; the shape of the opening is very unusual. It appears something was ripped or pried away; the granite is badly damaged. This air-vent does penetrate the exterior. It exits the pyramid on the south face of the pyramid, which means that the sun passes over it every day and the sun shines light down the air vent.
Cross-section showing the location of the air-vent.
Photo inside the access to an air-vent. Testing the ability to focus light into the "King's Chamber" by using reflective material at angles. We're using a powerful spotlight. (See red circle.)
Photo of the inside of the north air-vent looking directly into it. Notice the dark stains etched into the tops and sides.
Photo looking directly at the air-vent, dark stains etched into the granite indicating something very hot took place in the chamber (see red circle).
Cross-section shows where air-vent on the south side of the pyramid exits the pyramid.
Photo of sun shining down the air-vent, which it does every day as it rises in the East and sets in the West. This process takes place every day.
A Polaroid photo we took of a side view of the air vent exiting on the south side of the Pyramid.
Polaroid photo taken in 1978 directly into the air-vent as it existed, located on the exterior of the pyramid, south face.
Now I need to show you some objects that are a part of the personal possessions found buried with the pharaohs that have the ability to focus sunlight through different shaped crystals and with specially shaped and designed holders. This would give the ancient Egyptians the ability to generate heat, light, or sound in the "King's Chamber" from an outside source.
Photo of one of four odd-shaped ankhs found in Tutankhamun's Tomb, a different one for each season.
Vent in "King's Chamber" matches the proportions of the Ankh, which could have been a holder for a magnifying lens of some sort, and could be changed periodically.
Bronze statue with the Horns of Horus with solar disk permanently embedded.
Man-made lenses with the ability to magnify were found in some of the Pharaoh's possessions.
A bronze holder with the Horns of Horus with no permanent solar disk between the horns. Note the grooves in the red circle on the inside surface indicating something could be inserted. Disk in #65 has the same proportions and would fit in the grooves.
Organized sets of graduated sizes of crystals on display in the Cairo museum, labeled "Unknown Use." This is a small sampling of these unique crystal sets. In 1978, in the Cairo Museum in Egypt there was a room filled with approximately 300 sets of these crystals, from the small trays that you see to very large trays containing 20-30 crystals, all very precise with pre-position slots in marble trays. As of my recent visit in 2006, the crystals are not on display in the museum any more.